How to Write an Argumentative Essay: Your Complete Guide

Argumentative essays are some of the most common assignments you will encounter during your journey through college. Your ability to score the best marks in this genre of assignment depends on how best you know how to write an argumentative essay. The reason is that the process of writing is just as important as the assignment you will present before your tutors. Moreover, the nature of an argumentative essay is also rooted in the role process plays in determining the validity of its product. But before looking at the how of writing this paper, we need to define it.

In short, an argumentative essay is a type of academic assignment that requires students to investigate a topic aiming at collecting, generating, and evaluating evidence. Afterward, they are supposed to establish precise stances on the topic they are investigating.

What is the Purpose of an Argumentative Essay?

Before delving into the details of how to write a great argumentative essay, it is needful to discuss its purpose.

  • To develop a persuasive person who can logically persuade other by arguing out issues in a manner that their target audience can understand and adapt favorably.
  • Second, a persuasive essay aims at nurturing critical thinking in students. This is not just for the sake of passing exams but also a preparation for future assignments in life. Students can achieve this by comprehending the pros and cons of issues and using that to find alternative positions on the issues at hand.
  • This kind of assignment also seeks to develop students’ researching skills. They can use this opportunity to research ideas and arguments to formulate beliefs that can produce real-life solutions.
  • It also develops the right mindset in students so that they don’t just look at claims without examining their evidence. This means that they develop the right mindset where the process plays a significant role in establishing the validity of an end. Here, it is not the end justifying the means. Instead, it is the means for determining and even validating the end.

How to Write an Argumentative Essay in Ten Simple Steps

In this section of our guide, we will discuss how you can write a sterling argumentative essay. Here are the ten easy steps you will need to get yourself good grades.

  • You have to start by reading all the necessary materials on the topic you are writing about and then review them.
  • Next, you should divide all your main points into two – those that support and those which oppose your position.
  • Afterwards, you have to write your thesis statement to show your readers your stand on the matter under discussion.
  • Next, draft an outline for your paper. This outline will have your main supporting and opposing ideas. It is prudent to organize your ideas in a convincing and logical manner.
  • Afterwards, you have to outline secondary support for all your main arguments in the form of evidence such as examples and statistics.
  • With all these in place, you have to draft your paper’s body using your outline and supports. When writing, it is necessary to ensure that your paragraphs transition logically and smoothly. When stating opposing views, don’t dwell on them so much because your aim is not to attract, but rather, to deflect attention from them. So, spend more time debunking them.
  • After your body, start writing your introduction. Here, you will include just enough information to allow your readers to know what to expect. In your introduction, it is necessary to state that opposing views exist and you will debunk You should also include your thesis statement here.
  • After your introduction, go on and draft your conclusion. Here, it is needful to rephrase your thesis statement. Also, you can summarize two or three of your strongest arguments. You also have to show your reader why it is beneficial for them to adopt your position.
  • When done, you have to countercheck your paper for the following reasons: to ensure that you have presented your arguments in the most convincing and supportive manner; your introduction initiates your readers into your arguments; your conclusion that has a strong logical conviction to make your readers see the merit of your thesis.
  • Lastly, you have to revise and proofread your paper. This is the only way by which you can perfect and get the best marks for it.

Argumentative Essay Structure

Your argumentative essay structure is like a skeleton. Without it, the whole assignment will collapse since you will have nothing on which to lay your argumentative essay model. Therefore, take time to and draft an argumentative essay outline. Here is how the structure of your paper should look like.

  • The introduction

Here, you will need to explain your subject to orient your readers into it. At the end of your introduction, you need to include your thesis statement. This little statement will show your reader your position on the subject. It will also act as your primary guidepost that will regulate the flow and essence of your writing.

  • Body

The body section of your paper will explain why you want your readers to agree with your thesis statement. This part of your paper will also rebut all objecting views and opinions to allow your reader to buy into your thesis. Here, you need to give your reasons and support them with concrete evidence. Some of the pieces of evidence you will need to support your reasons are statistics, facts, and examples. You will have to give at least three reasons. Also, the body will counter all opposing views. However, you have to show your readers why you reject those opposing views.

  • Conclusion

This part of your paper is just as critical as the introduction and body parts. You should make sure that after arguing your case, give the reader a reason to adopt your perspective on the matter at hand. It should also make the reader see why it has been worth reading your paper.

 Argumentative Essay Prompts: How to Interpret Them

Before writing your essay, you have to begin here, the prompt. The reason is that this portion is the heart of what you should and should not do. If you don’t read and understand your prompt, you will end up just writing what you want or like. Therefore, it is necessary to understand them if you don’t want to run in vain. Your prompt is like your blueprint. It shows you what the owner of a construction owner wants you to do. If you don’t follow the plan, you will construct a bridge when he wanted a garage.

Likewise, you can only get the instructions for your paper by reading, analyzing, and understanding your prompt. Here is how to interpret and understand your essay prompts. Ask the following questions to assist you in understanding your professor’s requirements:

  • What is the purpose of this prompt?
  • What does the tutor want me to debate?
  • What is the scope of my argument?
  • What kind of information do I need to do this task and in what quantities?
  • Who is my audience?
  • How will my audience’s expectations affect how I approach and write this paper?

Argumentative Essay Guidelines

Do you want to succeed in your argumentative essays? Then you have to abide by the set argumentative essay guidelines. The reason is that academic assignments are not about you writing what you like or want to write. Instead, they are centered on writing what you should write according to argumentative essay guide. That is why this section of our post will discuss argumentative essay rules that will keep you within prescribed boundaries that will guarantee your success.

  • Do not use emotional language and tone in your writing. Otherwise, you will make your paper lose its rationale and logical appeal.
  • It is also necessary to know the difference between logical conclusions and emotional opinions.
  • Never make up evidence in your writing. If you don’t have facts to support an idea, just leave it out of your paper.
  • Do not use unreliable sources as your evidence. Doing so is like calling an incompetent witness to stand and testify in a court of law. If you are a good lawyer, common sense dictates that the witness will collapse your case.
  • Always cite your sources to avoid plagiarism and honor other people’s work.
  • Work with an outline to make it easy to write your paper and your readers to navigate through it.
  • Always write knowing that there are counterarguments on the other side of the divide. So, know how to acknowledge and refute them.

What is the Difference Between Persuasive and Argumentative Essay Writing?

So, what is the difference between persuasive and argumentative essay writing? This question is vital and deserves an immediate answer since these two genres are more or less the same. It is like someone asking you the difference between a hen and a rooster. The two are essentially chickens but they still have outstanding differences. In this section, I will show you how these two assignments differ.

  • Research: First, persuasive essays are based on opinion while their argumentative counterparts are founded on research. Also, persuasive essays require little to zero research while their argumentative counterparts are research-heavy.
  • Conviction tools: Persuasive essays convince readers to side with their thesis statements using emotions, ideas, and personal opinions. Inversely, argumentative essays persuade readers using researched figures and facts.
  • Point of persuasion: Argumentative essays depend on reason and logic to convince readers while persuasive ones rely on emotions and ideas. In short, the former appeals to the mind while the latter appeals to the heart.
  • Opposing views: Argumentative essays acknowledge opposing views while persuasive ones may or may not do so.
  • Audience knowledge: Another difference is how much the writer knows their audience. In persuasive essays, the writer should know their readers to a certain level while argumentative essays don’t need such knowledge.

Choosing a Topic for Your Argumentative Essay

Choosing topics for your argumentative essays can either make or break your assignment. Here are argumentative essay tips to help you choose your topics successfully.

  • Current

When choosing your paper’s topic, you should ensure that it is current. Make sure that the topic has not been recycled by other writers. This way, it becomes easy to attract readers to it. The reason is that humans are naturally attracted to new things. Once a topic has been around for too long, people assume that they already know what it contains. But if you insist you have to write on an evergreen topic, then be sure you will approach it from a unique and fresh angle.

  • Debatable

Another key factor to consider when choosing your paper’s topic is its debatability. You should select a topic you know you will debate fully. This means it needs different and opposing positions to make the debate sweeter. Otherwise, how would you debate a one-sided idea?

  • Ease of research

It is also important to consider the ease of researching your topic before settling for it. The reason is that if you don’t get enough information to write on, it will be hard to convince your readers.

  • Manageable

Your regular argumentative essays have limited word counts. This means you have to abide by those limits. The limitations of scope require you to write on a topic you will fully discuss within the word count you received. For instance, if you want to discuss an issue with international ramifications, you cannot cover it fully within a 500-word essay. Otherwise, you will end up giving your reader half-baked information. In other words, you are forced to say too little about many things. This way, you could leave your readers more confused since you will lack enough space and time to illustrate facts they need to understand your argument.

So, you are now up to date with what you require to write a sterling argumentative essay. It is now up to you to take the insights shared in this post to advance your writing skills in this area.